Monday, November 3, 2008

SALASALA PROFILE

02. COMMUNITY PROFILE
0.1 Legal Frame Work
Salasala is one among seven Hamlets within Kunduchi Ward, the others are Tegeta, Kilongawima, Ununio, Mtongani, Madala and Wazo. Salasala is located within the following neighbours, in South there is Mbezi Juu Hamlet from Kawe Ward and Kinzudi from Goba Ward, from east it is bordered with Kulangwa Hamlet at Goba Ward and Madala Hamlet at Kunduchi Ward, north it is bordered with Hamlet of Wazo at Kunduchi Ward and Hamlet of Tegeta and in East Salasala is bordered with Bagamoyo road from Africana to Tegeta.

Kunduchi Ward is one among 27 Wards which form Kinondoni Municipal Council and Kinondoni Municipal Council is one among three Municipal council within the City of Dar es Salaam other are Ilala Municipal Council and Temeke Municipal Council. Salasala is one among 127 Hamlet which forms Kinondoni Municipal Council. The Kinondoni Municipal Council was established by the Government Notice No. 4 of the year 2000 issued by the President’s Office, Regional Administration and Local Authorities as an autonomous body. Before establishment of Kinondoni Municipal Council, Kinondoni was one of the Zone of Dar es Salaam City Commission. The move of establishing Kinondoni Municipal Council was a part of Local Government Reforms Program in the Country.

Kinondoni Municipal Council has a vision and mission as stated below which is normally stipulated from the Municipal level to the Mtaa Level:
0.2 VISION:
‘A community, which is motivated, dynamic, with socio economic
development’

0.3 MISSION:
‘Provision of quality services to the community through effective and
efficient use of resources, capacity building, good governance and rule of
law hence improve the living standard of people’
Salasala is located about 23 kms from the Dar es Salaam City Center and is formed with sub Hamlet known as Salasala A ( Salasala Juu), Salasala B (Mpakani), Salasala Kwa-Babu (Kilimahewa).



0.2 Roads
Construction of 6 km tarmac road from Mbuyuni Bagamoyo road to Mboma road which is the project funded by World Bank under the project of Salasala New Settlement area under the Songosongo project enable the Salasala residents to access the road services. Other rough roads includes Africana to Mboma road and Mahende road and Africana via Kwaabarikiwe to Mboma road.

0.3 Climate
Salasala Mtaa experiences a modified type of equatorial climate. It is generally hot and humidity throughout the year with an average temperature of 36oC .The hottest season is from October to March while it is relatively cool between May and August with temperature around 15oC. There are two rain seasons: - short rain from October to December and long rain season between March and May. The average annual rainfall is 1300mm. Humidity is around 96% in the mornings and 67% in the afternoons. The climate is also influenced by the Southwest monsoon winds from April to October and Northeast monsoon winds between November and March.

0.4 Land forms
Land units characterize Salasala, each with homogeneous characteristics potential for the future Mtaa development.
ü Hills are characterized by weathered slopes and well drained with unconsolidated clay-bond sands. An occasional outcrop of raised coral limestone also occurs especially around the area.
ü River Valleys is another land Unit dissect the coastal plain in the series of the steep sided U- Shaped Valley culminating in cracks and Mangrove swamps before entering Indian Ocean. Valley soils are generally poorly drained silt clay soils enriched with clay matters.

0.5 Administrative Setting and Population Density
Kinondoni Municipal Council has four (4) divisions namely: Magomeni , Kinondoni , Kibamba and Kawe. These divisions are then divided into twenty seven (27) wards, which in turn are sub divided into sub-wards commonly known as Mtaa (singular) or Mitaa (plural) of which Salasala is one among 127 Mitaa. The Municipality also has 3 electoral constituencies namely: Ubungo, Kawe, and Kinondoni. Salasala is within Kawe Constituency. The Municipal governing body is the Full Council which comprises 48 Councilors out of whom 27 are elected Ward representatives, 10 Councilors (women special seats) and 11 are Members of Parliament (MPs).
The Kinondoni Municipal Council executes its administrative duties through:
ü The Municipal Council Committees chaired by Hon. Mayor,
ü Ward Development Committees under the Chairmanship of the Councilor and
ü Sub-Ward (Mitaa) Development Committees

0.6 Population Density
According to the 2002 Census, the Kinondoni Municipality has a population of 1,088,867 people with a growth rate of 4.1%. The rapid population increase is influenced by both natural causes and immigration (birth rates and net immigration rates respectively). The Municipality has an area of 531KM2 and the population density is estimated at 2051 persons per square kilometer. Kunduchi Ward has population of 72,927 of which Men are 38,251 and Female are 34,676 according to population census of 2002. It is estimated that Salasala has about 1,737 houses in surveyed area and 19,601 houses in un-surveyed area.

0.7 Waste Management
Solid Waste collection in Kinondoni municipality is carried out by both the Municipal, some private companies, community based organizations and informal sectors. Currently, there are about 26 franchisees. Apart from collection activities, the Municipality is also responsible for supervising the franchisees involved in Solid Waste Management. Average Solid Waste collection 954 tons/day of which Municipal Council collect 553 tons/day and Contractors collect almost 401 tons/day. Number of Franchisees involved in Waste Management is 26, Companies 18 and small Groups about 8. In order to cope with the daily problems of waste management and sanitation in the Municipality, the Municipal council has asked all stakeholders to come together to find a lasting solution to the problem specifically at each Ward.

0.8 Education Services:
Salasala Hamlet has 4 unregistered of pre - primary school owned by resident there is no pre – primary school which is own by Government. Four (4) Primary School which one (1) is owned by Kinondoni Municipal Council (government) – Salasala Primary School and three are private owned ( Green Acre Primary School, Stella Primary School and Keyland Primary School) . Salasala access also Secondary education whereby there is 3 Private Secondary School these are Green Acre Secondary School, Cornelius Secondary School and Salasala Primary School. No University within the area but resident from Salasala access higher learning from other institution within the Dar es Salaam and outside Dar es Salaam such as University of Dar es Salaam, Open University of Dar es Salaam, Institute of Financial Management (IFM), Sokoine University, Tumaini University, UCLAS, IMTU, etc.






Table No. 1 The education status at Salasala Sub-ward:
No
School
Public
Private
Total
1.
Pre- Primary School
NIL
4
4 (Unregistered)
2
Primary School
2
3
5
3
Secondary School
NIL
3
3
4
Vocational Training Centre
NIL
NIL
NIL
5
University
NIL
NIL
NIL
Source: Data from Ward Executive Office, Kunduchi Ward.


0.9. Safe and Clean Water Services
The main source of water for Salasala residents is Dar Es Salaam Water and Sewerage Authority (DAWASA), which contributes 95% of water being consumed daily and the rest 5% is contributed by shallow and deep wells own both privately and by public. The area in Salasala which is connected to the DAWASCO water system is part of Salasala A and Salasala B. Area like Salasala Kijijini, Kanisani, Mboma Road, Kinzudi, Mahende road, Kijiji cha Wagogo they have no access to water from DAWASCO while the demand of water is high due to the population growth which stimulated by new resettlement at Salasala area resulted by the Songas project.


10. Health Services

There are two Dispensaries within the Mtaa of Salasala that is MICO Dispensary and Huruma Dispensary. But residents of Salasala can access health services which is provided with private and public sector within the other area in Dar es Salaam City. This includes health services from IMTU Hospital which is about 4 kms, Lugalo Hospital which is 6 kms, Mwananyamala Hospital which is about 17 kms from Salasala, Masana Hospital which is about 4.5 kms. The model of health services delivery in Kinondoni Municipality like other districts in Tanzania, based on preventive, promotive and curative care. The line of operation starts from the dispensary, health center to the Municipal Hospital. The mission of Municipal Council is to ensure that health beneficiaries are provided with affordable and good quality of care at its health facilities and also to enhance preventive health services at facility and community level. The Municipal Medical Officer of Health (MMOH / DMO) through the council Health Management Team (CHMT) plays the role of managing, co-coordinating and supervising of all health services provided in 27 public health facilities and 148 private health facilities.

11. Urban Development
Part of Salasala is planned area including the new resettlement area where-by ……. Numbers of plots well planned to accommodate those who were evicted from the main Songo Songo Gas lines. Other area of Salasala including Kinzudi, Kijiji cha Wagogo, Kanisani, Salasala Kijijini is unplanned. The population growth lead to squatoring the area which at the end the area will portray the picture which are experienced in the area like Manzese, Tandale, Mabibo and Mburahati where by old and new planned settlement is uncoordinated, extremely poorly served, particularly in the residential areas, as the quality and quantity of utility services provision do not meet the demand. The infrastructure provision is inadequate, uncoordinated, and lags behind the pace of development activities.

12. Livestock Services
Livestock in the Kunduchi Salasala is one among economic activities undertaken within the area, it is estimated that about 10,000 of poultry are kept within the area, 3,000 number of pig, about 1500 Cow are kept within the area and about 2,000 goat (Data source Livestock Department Kinondoni Municipal Council – Kunduchi). Area known as Kijiji cha Wakuria (the area settled by Kuria people) who are the main poultry keepers as their major area of employment. Actors engaging in livestock keeping include individuals, groups and institutions. Interchick Poultry Farm is within the Salasala area. Market far the livestock products are within the Municipality and Dar City at large. The Municipality and private sectors play a greater role in the supply of pesticides and livestock extension services.

13. Sports and Games
The major sports in Salasala area is football where by there are two football club known as Salasala United Football Club and Salasala Rangers Football Club. Resident of Salasala especially youth use Radio Tanzania ground at Salasala as a playing ground. The major recreational and sports areas are scattered throughout the Municipality. This give an opportunity to the Salasala residents to engage in sports even outside the Mtaa of Salasala. Some are found in schools, institutions and community organizations. The young and old attend discotheques over the weekends and during public holidays. To deal with recreation, the Municipal Cultural Office has five important divisions: Arts, Youth, Game and sports, Anti qui ties and Arches. The municipality has the following sports bodies; such as Kinondoni Football Association, Kinondoni Netball Association, Kinondoni Traditional Games Association, Kinondoni District Basketball Association, Kinondoni District Volleyball Association.

14. Culture
Salasala residents originated from different locations in Tanzania since it is a new settlement, the culture of the area is Mixed Culture but originally the residents of Salasala was Wazaramo and Wamakonde. But now days almost all tribes from Tanzania can be found in the area especially Wachaga, Waha, Wapare, Wahaya, Wakurya, Masai, Wasukuma, Wagogo, Barbaig (Wamangati), Waarusha etc. So it is difficult to state clear what is the culture of the area. The common language used is Kiswahili where by all people within the area can use in communication.

15. Energy Distribution

Salasala which is within Kinondoni Municipality, like other settlements in Tanzania depends on different sources of energy, such as electricity, kerosene, charcoal, firewood, solar, etc. The main source of power for lighting, business and industry is electricity, which is generated, transmitted and supplied by a sole utility agent, Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO). Residents commonly use kerosene, firewood and charcoal for cooking and lighting. The Municipality is within two regional offices, which are Kinondoni South and Kinondoni North .To make sure that Customers obtain their services efficiently and effectively, the Regions are divided further into Sub-Stations. Salasala is connected with electricity from TANESCO but not all residence who has an access to the power.

16. Co-operatives
Housing co-operative societies, rural primary society, industrial co-operatives, savings and credit societies (SACCOS), fisheries co-operative societies and service providers are registered according to the Co-operative Act No. 20 of 2003 By the year 2006 the Municipality had 207 co-operative societies, out of which 149 are active and 67 are not. Since Salasala residents are working from the different area within the Municipal and outside Municipal area they have an access to join in co-operatives which located in their working area.
Table No. 2 Number of co-operatives in Kinondoni Municipal Council:

No.
COOPERATIVES
NUMBER OF COOPERATIVES
TOTAL


ACTIVE
DOMANT
1
SACCOS
122
27
149
2
Consumer cooperatives

4
4
3
Small cooperatives
1
2
3
4
Livestock cooperatives

2
2
5
Housing cooperatives
6
5
11
6
Service cooperatives
11
25
36

Total
140
67
207
Source: Kinondoni Municipal Co-operatives Office (2008)
S


17. Economic Activities
Most of residents of Salasala are under-go their economic activities outside the area, some are Government Servants and other are employed in a private sector outside the Salasala area. Other are self employed in business sector and perform their business activities in area like Manzese, Tandale, Ubungo, Sinza, Kinondoni, Kariakoo, Tegeta etc. Remain part of residents undergo their economic activities within the area including farming, livestock keeping, Wholesale and Retail shops, bocks making, transportation, etc.














Table No. 3 The numbers of economic activities undertaken within the area.
s/n
Type of Economic Activities
Amount
1.
Bars
4
2
Guest Houses
2
3
Phone accessories shops
4
4
Wholesale shops
2
5
Retail shops
37
6
Pharmacy
8
7
Restaurants
2
8
Building Hardware Shops
19
9
Clothes shops
17
10
Stationeries and Office equipment shops
5
11
Saloon for Men
4
12
Timbers
1
13
Food vendors (Mama & Babalishe)
3
14
Groceries
6
15
Stores
3
16
Hair Saloon for Women
6
17
Cosmetics Shops
4
18
Garage
1
19
Spare parts Shops
2
20
Internet Café
1
21
Blocks Making
3
22
Milling Machines
5
23
Private Dispensaries
2
24
Butcher
4
25
Private Pre – Primary School
4
26
Private Primary School
3
27
Private Secondary School
4

TOTAL
156















(Source: Kinondoni Municipal Council, 2008)


18. Informal sector development
Resident of Salasala contribute to the population of Kinondoni informal sector which employs more than 55% of the population. The 1990/1991 labour force survey showed that Dar es Salaam City had a labour force of 1,171,707 out of which 623,910 were employed in the formal sector, 120,672 were unemployed, and 427,120 economically active populations were not working as they were in school. A national informal sector survey conducted in 1990 showed that Dar es Salaam city had 315,958 people employed in the informal sector that is 13 percent of the economical active population in the city. A 1995/1996 Kinondoni municipality’s informal sector survey showed that 325,869 people were employed i n the informal sector. One in every three households was involved in an informal sector activity in 2000/2001 as compared to one in every four households in 1990/1991. It also showed that 61 percent of the total households in urban areas had informal sector activities compared to 42 percent i n 1990/1991.









Table No. 4 The allocation of food stuff market in a ward level
No
MARKET NAME
WARD
No. of Petty Traders
1
Kawe
Kawe
1638
2
Babati
Ndugumbi
56
3
Kapera
Makurumla
96
4
Mabibo
Mabibo
257
5
Sinza I
Sinza
112
6
Sinza II
Kijitonyama
142
7
Urafiki (Big Brother)
Ubungo
807
8
Tegeta
Kunduchi
991
9
Manzese
Manzese
380
10
Makumbusho
Kijitonyama
1014
11
Msufini
Mwananyamala
82
12
Mbezi Juu
Kawe
246
13
Mburahati
Mburahati
633
14
Tandale
Tandale
1176
15
Magomeni
Mzimuni
370
16
Mkunguni
Hananasif
100
17
Mwenge
Kijitonyama
120
18
Msasani
Msasani
240
19
Kisiwani
Makumbusho
63
20
Mfavesco
Makumbusho
340
21
Mtambani
Kinondoni
360
22
Kagera
Makurumla
70
23
Shekilango
Ubungo
314
24
Mikocheni B
Mikocheni
60
(Source: Kinondoni Municipal Council 2007)

20. Financial Services
Salasala residences experience major financial services available in the Municipality, four branches of the National Bank of Commerce (NBC) located at Ubungo and Kawe, NMB at Magomeni, University of Dar es Salaam, Mwenge and Msasani, Akiba Commercial Bank at Ubungo and Kijitonyama, CRDB at Kijitonyama and Mbezi Beach, BARCLAYS at Magomeni, Sinza and Mwenge, Bank of Africa (BOA) at Sinza, Dar es salaam Community Bank at Magomeni and Kenya Commercial Bank at Mlimani City – Ubungo. Tanzani a Postal Bank at Manzese. Other institution include FINCA, PRIDE and TUNAKOPESHA.

Kinondoni Municipal Council operates some credit facilities targeted to women and youths. These include, Kinondoni Women and Youth Development Funds (KWYDF) , Women Development Funds (WDF) and (Village Community Bank) VICOBA through Kinondoni Youth Employment Network for Urban Renewal(K-YEN-UR) . The credits are provided to individuals as well as groups.

21. Religion
Salasala residents have an access to the religion organization for spiritual services. The area has about 3 Mosque and 6 Churches. The Mosque includes the one found in Kijiji Cha Wagogo, Salasala Rtd, Darajani, Mboma Road, Kilimahewa and Masjid Swamadu. Churches includes Salasala Lutheran Church, Salasala Roman Catholic, Salasala Seventh Day Church and 4 Assemblies of God Churches. Regardless the spiritual services provided with the religion organization also economic sensitization is always done to enable community member to engage in economic activities which are legally recognized in order to increase to satisfy their basic needs.


22. Security
Residents of Salasala have an access to the security services which are provided by Central Government and private organization. Kawe Police station and Mtongani Police Post take care of security of the Salasala residents. Other private organization such as KK Security, Chui Group provide also security service within the area. Salasala residents also declared to establish Sungusungu who are connected to the police to assure the security of Salasala residents

1 comment:

Lameck said...

Mhache - No 3 that is great info about Salasala...keep it up,

Lameck